Governance frameworks are the set of organisational rules that determine who has the power and control to make the major decisions of the organisation..
In general here are three man governance frameworks for start up SPOs and each one is summarised below.
Board Controlled SPOs Board Controlled SPOs are SPOs where the founding members (and any other members appointed thereafter ) are consituted as the management committee/board tasked with managing the organisation in a way that they think best.
The beneficiaries /service users of the organisation may have some say on certain matters (depending on the constitution) but the real power and control rest with the management committeeboard.
Board controlled set ups are simple, effective and popular and are used by a huge number of SPOs ranging from grant making trusts to various types service delivery organisations (care homes, overseas appeal funds, churches, etc).
Open Membership Set Ups Open Membership set ups are governance frameworks where the power and control of the organisation extends beyond the management committee / board to include an additional membership group who have voting rights over a number of crucial issues (e.g. remove and replace committee members, amend the constitution , approve certain high level transactions, etc).
In return for their voting rights these members contribute in some way to the organisation usually by paying some form of membership fee /contribution, volunteering their time, or advocating on behalf of the organisation.
Many organisations with an open membership are financed and run entirely through their membership.
See two examples below of open membership schemes in practice.
Cooperative set ups exist whre the SPO is owned and controlled by the people (and/or or organisations) who use their product or services. Each user is encouraged to become a member of the organisation and participate in the in the governance of the organisation by voting on motions, attending AGMS and putting forward their views on matters they feel strongly about.
As all major decisions are taken on a `one member one vote basis` which menscooperative set ups are a very democratic governance framework
Note: The above are the three main governance frameworks for start up SPOs. However, there are a number of other governance frameworks that exist (e.g. group structures) and we will inform you of the ones that are relevant to your project.